An-Naba The tidings Chapter 78 An-Naba 40 verses, Mecca 1. What are they asking (one another)? 2. About the great news, (i.e. Islamic Monotheism, the Quran, which Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him)brought and the Day of Resurrection, etc.), 3. About which they are in disagreement. 4. Nay, they will come to know! 5. Nay, again, they will come to know! 6. Have We not made the earth as a bed, 7. And the mountains as pegs? 8. And We have created you in pairs (male and female, tall and short, good and bad, etc.). 9. And have made your sleep as a thing for rest. 10. And have made the night as a covering (through its darkness), 11. And have made the day for livelihood. 12. And We have built above you seven strong (heavens), 13. And have made (therein) a shinning lamp (sun). 14. And have sent down from the rainy clouds abundant water. 15. That We may produce therewith corn and vegetations, 16. And gardens of thick growth. 17. Verily, the Day of Decision is a fixed time, 18. The Day when the Trumpet will be blown, and you shall come forth in crowds (groups); 19. And the heaven shall be opened, and it will become as gates, 20. And the mountains shall be moved away from their places and they will be as if they were a mirage. 21. Truly, Hell is a place of ambush, 22. A dwelling place for the Taghoon (those who transgress the boundry limits set by Allah like polytheists, disbelievers in the Oneness of Allah, hyprocrites, sinners, criminals, etc.), 23. They will abide therein for ages, 24. Nothing cool shall they taste therein, nor any drink. 25. Except boiling water, and dirty wound discharges. 26. An exact recompense (according to their evil crimes). 27. For verily, they used not to look for a reckoning. 28. But they belied Our Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, and that which Our Prophet (Peace be upon him) brought) completely. 29. And all things We have recorded in a Book. 30. So taste you (the results of your evil actions); no increase shall We give you, except in torment. 31. Verily, for the Muttaqoon, there will be a success (Paradise); 32. Gardens and grapeyards; 33. And young full-breasted (mature) maidens of equal age; 34. And a full cup (of wine). 35. No Laghw (dirty, false, evil talk) shall they hear therein, nor lying; 36. A reward from your Lord, an ample calculated gift (according to the best of their good deeds). 37. (From) the Lord of the heavens and the earth, and whatsoever is in between them, the Most Beneficent, none can dare to speak with Him (on the Day of Resurrection except after His Leave). 38. The Day that Ar-Rooh (Jibrael (Gabriel) or another angel) and the angels will stand forth in rows, none shall speak except him whom the Most Beneficent (Allah) allows, and he will speak what is right. 39. That is without doubt the True Day, so, whosoever wills, let him seek a place with (or a way to) His Lord (by obeying Him in this worldly life)! 40. Verily, We have warned you of a near torment, the Day when man will see that (the deeds) which his hands have sent forth, and the disbeliever will say: “Woe to me! Would that I were dust!” An-Naziat Those who drag forth Chapter 79 An-Naziat 46 verses, Mecca 1. By those (angels) who pull out (the souls of the disbelievers and the wicked) with great violence; 2. By those (angels) who gently take out (the souls of the believers); 3. And by those that swim along (i.e. angels or planets in their orbits, etc.). 4. And by those that press forward as in a race (i.e. the angels or stars or the horses, etc.). 5. And by those angels who arrange to do the Commands of their Lord, (so verily, you disbelievers will be called to account). 6. On the Day (when the first blowing of the Trumpet is blown), the earth and the mountains will shake violently (and everybody will die), 7. The second blowing of the Trumpet follows it (and everybody will be raised up), 8. (Some) hearts that Day will shake with fear and anxiety. 9. Their eyes cast down. 10. They say: “Shall we indeed be returned to (our) former state of life? 11. “Even after we are crumbled bones?” 12. They say: “It would in that case, be a return with loss!” 13. But only, it will be a single Zajrah (shout (i.e., the second blowing of the Trumpet)). (See Verse 37:19). 14. When, behold, they find themselves over the earth alive after their death, 15. Has there come to you the story of Moosa (Moses)? 16. When his Lord called him in the sacred valley of Toowa, 17. Go to Firaun (Pharaoh), verily, he has transgressed all bounds (in crimes, sins, polytheism, disbelief, etc.). 18. And say to him: “Would you purify yourself (from the sin of disbelief by becoming a believer)”, 19. And that I guide you to your Lord, so you should fear Him? 20. Then (Moosa (Moses)) showed him the great sign (miracles). 21. But (Firaun (Pharaoh)) belied and disobeyed; 22. Then he turned his back, striving hard (against Allah). 23. Then he gathered his people and cried aloud, 24. Saying: “I am your lord, most high”, 25. So Allah, seized him with punishment for his last (i.e. his saying: “I am your lord, most high”) (see Verse 79:24)) and first ((i.e. his saying, “O chiefs! I know not that you have a god other than I” (see Verse 28:38)) transgression. 26. Verily, in this is an instructive admonition for whosoever fears Allah. 27. Are you more difficult to create, or is the heaven that He constructed? 28. He raised its height, and He has equally ordered it, 29. Its night He covers with darkness, and its forenoon He brings out (with light). 30. And after that He spread the earth; 31. And brought forth therefrom its water and its pasture; 32. And the mountains He has fixed firmly; 33. (To be) a provision and benefit for you and your cattle. 34. But when there comes the greatest catastrophe (i.e. the Day of Recompense, etc.), 35. The Day when man shall remember what he strove for, 36. And Hell-fire shall be made apparent in full view for (every) one who sees, 37. Then, for him who Tagha (transgressed all bounds, in disbelief, oppression and evil deeds of disobedience to Allah). 38. And preferred the life of this world (by following his evil desires and lusts), 39. Verily, his abode will be Hell-fire; 40. But as for him who feared standing before his Lord, and restrained himself from impure evil desires, and lusts. 41. Verily, Paradise will be his abode. 42. They ask you (O Muhammad (Peace be upon him)) about the Hour, – when will be its appointed time? 43. You have no knowledge to say anything about it, 44. To your Lord belongs (the knowledge of) the term thereof? 45. You (O Muhammad (Peace be upon him)) are only a warner for those who fear it, 46. The Day they see it, (it will be) as if they had not tarried (in this world) except an afternoon or a morning Abasa He Frowned Chapter 80 Abasa 42 verses, Mecca 1. (The Prophet (Peace be upon him)) frowned and turned away, 2. Because there came to him the blind man (i.e. Abdullah bin Umm-Maktoom, who came to the Prophet (Peace be upon him) while he was preaching to one or some of the Quraish chiefs). 3. But what could tell you that per chance he might become pure (from sins)? 4. Or that he might receive admonition, and that the admonition might profit him? 5. As for him who thinks himself self-sufficient, 6. To him you attend; 7. What does it matter to you if he will not become pure (from disbelief, you are only a Messenger, your duty is to convey the Message of Allah). 8. But as to him who came to you running. 9. And is afraid (of Allah and His Punishment), 10. Of him you are neglectful and divert your attention to another, 11. Nay, (do not do like this), indeed it (these Verses of this Quran) are an admonition, 12. So whoever wills, let him pay attention to it. 13. (It is) in Records held (greatly) in honour (Al-Lauh Al-Mahfooz). 14. Exalted (in dignity), purified, 15. In the hands of scribes (angels). 16. Honourable and obedient. 17. Be cursed (the disbelieving) man! How ungrateful he is! 18. From what thing did He create him? 19. From Nutfah (male and female semen drops) He created him, and then set him in due proportion; 20. Then He makes the Path easy for him; 21. Then He causes him to die, and puts him in his grave; 22. Then, when it is His Will, He will resurrect him (again). 23. Nay, but (man) has not done what He commanded him. 24. Then let man look at his food, 25. That We pour forth water in abundance, 26. And We split the earth in clefts, 27. And We cause therein the grain to grow, 28. And grapes and clover plants (i.e. green fodder for the cattle), 29. And olives and date-palms, 30. And gardens, dense with many trees, 31. And fruits and Abba (herbage, etc.), 32. (To be) a provision and benefit for you and your cattle. 33. Then, when there comes As-Sakhkhah (the Day of Resurrections second blowing of Trumpet), 34. That Day shall a man flee from his brother, 35. And from his mother and his father, 36. And from his wife and his children. 37. Everyman, that Day, will have enough to make him careless of others. 38. Some faces that Day, will be bright (true believers of Islamic Monotheism). 39. Laughing, rejoicing at good news (of Paradise). 40. And other faces, that Day, will be dust-stained; 41. Darkness will cover them, 42. Such will be the Kafarah (disbelievers in Allah, in His Oneness, and in His Messenger Muhammad (Peace be upon him), etc.), the Fajarah (wicked evil doers). At-Takwir The Overthrowing Chapter 81 At-Takwir 29 verses, Mecca 1. When the sun Kuwwirat (wound round and lost its light and is overthrown ). 2. And when the stars shall fall; 3. And when the mountains shall made to pass away; 4. And when the pregnant she-camels shall be neglected; 5. And when the wild beasts shall be gathered together; 6. And when the seas shall become as blazing Fire or shall overflow; 7. And when the souls shall be joined with their bodies; 8. And when the female (infant) buried alive (as the pagan Arabs used to do) shall be questioned. 9. For what sin she was killed? 10. And when the written pages of deeds (good and bad) of every person shall be laid open; 11. And when the heaven shall be stripped off and taken away from its place; 12. And when Hell-fire shall be kindled to fierce ablaze. 13. And when Paradise shall be brought near, 14. (Then) every person will know what he has brought (of good and evil). 15. So verily, I swear by the planets that recede (i.e. disappear during the day and appear during the night). 16. And by the planets that move swiftly and hide themselves, 17. And by the night as it departs; 18. And by the dawn as it brightens; 19. Verily, this is the Word (this Quran brought by) a most honourable messenger (Jibrael (Gabriel), from Allah to the Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him)). 20. Owner of power, and high rank with (Allah) the Lord of the Throne, 21. Obeyed (by the angels), trustworthy there (in the heavens). 22. And (O people) your companion (Muhammad (Peace be upon him)) is not a madman; 23. And indeed he (Muhammad (Peace be upon him)) saw him (Jibrael (Gabriel)) in the clear horizon (towards the east). 24. And he (Muhammad (Peace be upon him)) withholds not a knowledge of the unseen. 25. And it (the Quran) is not the word of the outcast Shaitan (Satan). 26. Then where are you going? 27. Verily, this (the Quran) is no less than a Reminder to (all) the Alameen (mankind and jinns) . 28. To whomsoever among you who wills to walk straight, 29. And you will not, unless (it be) that Allah wills, the Lord of the Alameen (mankind, jinns and all that exists). AL-Infitar The Cleaving Chapter 82 AL-Infitar 19 verses, Mecca 1. When the heaven is cleft asunder. 2. And when the stars have fallen and scattered; 3. And when the seas are burst forth (got dried up); 4. And when the graves are turned upside down (and they bring out their contents) 5. (Then) a person will know what he has sent forward and (what he has) left behind (of good or bad deeds). 6. O man! What has made you careless concerning your Lord, the Most Generous? 7. Who created you, fashioned you perfectly, and gave you due proportion; 8. In whatever form He willed, He put you together. 9. Nay! But you deny the Recompense (reward for good deeds and punishment for evil deeds). 10. But verily, over you (are appointed angels in charge of mankind) to watch you , 11. Kiraman (honourable) Katibeen writing down (your deeds) , 12. They know all that you do. 13. Verily, the Abrar (pious and righteous) will be in delight (Paradise); 14. And verily, the Fujjar (the wicked, disbelievers, sinners and evil-doers) will be in the blazing Fire (Hell), 15. In which they will enter, and taste its burning flame on the Day of Recompense, 16. And they (Al-Fujjar) will not be absent therefrom (i.e. will not go out from the Hell). 17. And what will make you know what the Day of Recompense is? 18. Again, what will make you know what the Day of Recompense is? 19. (It will be) the Day when no person shall have power (to do) anything for another, and the Decision, that Day, will be (wholly) with Allah. Al-Mutaffifin Defrauding Chapter 83 Al-Mutaffifin 36 verses, Mecca 1. Woe to Al-Mutaffifin (those who give less in measure and weight (decrease the rights of others)), 2. Those who, when they have to receive by measure from men, demand full measure, 3. And when they have to give by measure or weight to men, give less than due. 4. Think they not that they will be resurrected (for reckoning), 5. On a Great Day, 6. The Day when (all) mankind will stand before the Lord of the Alameen (mankind, jinns and all that exists)? 7. Nay! Truly, the Record (writing of the deeds) of the Fujjar (disbelievers, sinners, evil-doers and wicked) is (preserved) in Sijjeen. 8. And what will make you know what Sijjeen is? 9. A Register inscribed. 10. Woe, that Day, to those who deny ((Allah, His Angels, His Books, His Messengers, the Day of Resurrection, and Al-Qadar (Divine Preordainments)). 11. Those who deny the Day of Recompense. 12. And none can deny it except every transgressor beyond bounds, (in disbelief, oppression and disobedience of Allah, the sinner!) 13. When Our Verses (of the Quran) are recited to him he says: “Tales of the ancients!” 14. Nay! But on their hearts is the Ran (covering of sins and evil deeds) which they used to earn . 15. Nay! Surely, they (evil-doers) will be veiled from seeing their Lord that Day. 16. Then, verily they will indeed enter and taste the burning flame of Hell. 17. Then, it will be said to them: “This is what you used to deny!” 18. Nay! Verily, the Record (writing of the deeds) of Al-Abrar (the pious who fear Allah and avoid evil), is (preserved) in Illiyyoon. 19. And what will make you know what Illiyyoon is? 20. A Register inscribed. 21. To which bear witness those nearest (to Allah, i.e. the angels). 22. Verily, Al-Abrar (the pious who fear Allah and avoid evil) will be in delight (Paradise). 23. On thrones, looking (at all things). 24. You will recognise in their faces the brightness of delight. 25. They will be given to drink pure sealed wine. 26. The last thereof (that wine) will be the smell of musk, and for this let (all) those strive who want to strive (i.e. hasten earnestly to the obedience of Allah). 27. It (that wine) will be mixed with Tasneem. 28. A spring whereof drink those nearest to Allah. 29. Verily! (During the worldly life) those who committed crimes used to laugh at those who believed. 30. And whenever they passed by them, used to wink one to another (in mockery); 31. And when they returned to their own people, they would return jesting; 32. And when they saw them, they said: “Verily! These have indeed gone astray!” 33. But they (disbelievers, sinners) had not been sent as watchers over them (the believers). 34. But this Day (the Day of Resurrection) those who believe will laugh at the disbelievers 35. On (high) thrones, looking (at all things). 36. Are not the disbelievers paid (fully) for what they used to do? Al-Inshiqaq The Sundering, Splitting Open Chapter 84 Al-Inshiqaq 25 verses, Mecca 1. When the heaven is split asunder, 2. And listens and obeys its Lord, and it must do so; 3. And when the earth is stretched forth, 4. And has cast out all that was in it and became empty, 5. And listens and obeys its Lord, and it must do so; 6. O man! Verily, you are returning towards your Lord with your deeds and actions (good or bad), a sure returning, so you will meet (i.e. the results of your deeds which you did). 7. Then, as for him who will be given his Record in his right hand, 8. He surely will receive an easy reckoning, 9. And will return to his family in joy! 10. But whosoever is given his Record behind his back, 11. He will invoke (his) destruction, 12. And shall enter a blazing Fire, and made to taste its burning. 13. Verily, he was among his people in joy! 14. Verily, he thought that he would never come back (to Us)! 15. Yes! Verily, his Lord has been ever beholding him! 16. So I swear by the afterglow of sunset; 17. And by the night and whatever it gathers in its darkness; 18. And by the moon when it is at the full, 19. You shall certainly travel from stage to stage (in this life and in the Hereafter). 20. What is the matter with them, that they believe not? 21. And when the Quran is recited to them, they fall not prostrate, 22. Nay, (on the contrary), those who disbelieve, belie (Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) and whatever he brought, i.e. this Quran and Islamic Monotheism, etc.). 23. And Allah knows best what they gather (of good and bad deeds), 24. So announce to them a painful torment. 25. Save those who believe and do righteous good deeds, for them is a reward that will never come to an end (i.e. Paradise). Al-Burooj The Mansions of the stars Chapter 85 Al-Burooj 22 verses, Mecca 1. By the heaven, holding the big stars . 2. And by the Promised Day (i.e. the Day of Resurrection); 3. And by the witnessing day (i.e. Friday), and by the witnessed day (i.e. the day of Arafat (Hajj) the ninth of Dhul-Heejjah); 4. Cursed were the people of the ditch (the story of the Boy and the King). 5. Fire supplied (abundantly) with fuel, 6. When they sat by it (fire), 7. And they witnessed what they were doing against the believers (i.e. burning them). 8. They had nothing against them, except that they believed in Allah, the All-Mighty, Worthy of all Praise! 9. Who, to Whom belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth! And Allah is Witness over everything. 10. Verily, those who put into trial the believing men and believing women (by torturing them and burning them), and then do not turn in repentance, (to Allah), will have the torment of Hell, and they will have the punishment of the burning Fire. 11. Verily, those who believe and do righteous good deeds, for them will be Gardens under which rivers flow (Paradise). That is the great success. 12. Verily, (O Muhammad (Peace be upon him)) the Grip (Punishment) of your Lord is severe. 13. Verily, He it is Who begins (punishment) and repeats (punishment in the Hereafter) (or originates the creation of everything, and then repeats it on the Day of Resurrection). 14. And He is Oft-Forgiving, full of love (towards the pious who are real true believers of Islamic Monotheism), 15. Owner of the throne, the Glorious 16. He does what He intends (or wills). 17. Has the story reached you of the hosts, 18. Of Firaun (Pharaoh) and Thamood? 19. Nay! The disbelievers (persisted) in denying (Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) and his Message of Islamic Monotheism). 20. And Allah encompasses them from behind! (i.e. all their deeds are within His Knowledge, and He will requite them for their deeds). 21. Nay! This is a Glorious Quran, 22. (Inscribed) in Al-Lauh Al-Mahfooz (The Preserved Tablet)! At-Tariq The morning star Chapter 86 At-Tariq 17 verses, Mecca 1. By the heaven, and At-Tariq (the night-comer, i.e. the bright star); 2. And what will make you to know what At-Tariq (night-comer) is? 3. (It is) the star of piercing brightness; 4. There is no human being but has a protector over him (or her) (i.e. angels incharge of each human being guarding him, writing his good and bad deeds, etc.) 5. So let man see from what he is created! 6. He is created from a water gushing forth 7. Proceeding from between the back-bone and the ribs, 8. Verily, (Allah) is Able to bring him back (to life)! 9. The Day when all the secrets (deeds, prayers, fasting, etc.) will be examined (as to their truth). 10. Then will (man) have no power, nor any helper. 11. By the sky (having rain clouds) which gives rain, again and again. 12. And the earth which splits (with the growth of trees and plants), 13. Verily! This (the Quran) is the Word that separates (the truth from falsehood, and commands strict legal laws for mankind to cut the roots of evil). 14. And it is not a thing for amusement. 15. Verily, they are but plotting a plot (against you O Muhammad (Peace be upon him)). 16. And I (too) am planning a plan. 17. So give a respite to the disbelievers. Deal you gently with them for a while. Al-Ala The Most High Chapter 87 Al-Ala 19 verses, Mecca 1. Glorify the Name of your Lord, the Most High, 2. Who has created (everything), and then proportioned it; 3. And Who has measured (preordainments for each and everything even to be blessed or wretched); then guided (i.e. showed mankind the right as well as wrong paths, and guided the animals to pasture); 4. And Who brings out the pasturage, 5. And then makes it dark stubble. 6. We shall make you to recite (the Quran), so you (O Muhammad (Peace be upon him)) shall not forget (it), 7. Except what Allah, may will, He knows what is apparent and what is hidden. 8. And We shall make easy for you (O Muhammad (Peace be upon him)) the easy way (i.e. the doing of righteous deeds). 9. Therefore remind (men) in case the reminder profits (them). 10. The reminder will be received by him who fears (Allah), 11. But it will be avoided by the wretched, 12. Who will enter the great Fire and made to taste its burning, 13. Wherein he will neither die (to be in rest) nor live (a good living). 14. Indeed whosoever purifies himself (by avoiding polytheism and accepting Islamic Monotheism) shall achieve success, 15. And remembers (glorifies) the Name of his Lord (worships none but Allah), and prays (five compulsory prayers and Nawafil additional prayers). 16. Nay, you prefer the life of this world; 17. Although the Hereafter is better and more lasting. 18. Verily! This is in the former Scriptures, 19. The Scriptures of Ibrahim (Abraham) and Moosa (Moses) ( ). Al-Ghashiya The Overwhelming Chapter 88 Al-Ghashiya 26 verses, Mecca 1. Has there come to you the narration of the overwhelming (i.e. the Day of Resurrection); 2. Some faces, that Day, will be humiliated (in the Hell-fire, i.e. the faces of all disbelievers, Jews and Christians, etc.). 3. Labouring (hard in the worldly life by worshipping others besides Allah), weary (in the Hereafter with humility and disgrace) . 4. They will enter in the hot blazing Fire, 5. They will be given to drink from a boiling spring, 6. No food will there be for them but a poisonous thorny plant, 7. Which will neither nourish nor avail against hunger. 8. (Other) faces, that Day, will be joyful, 9. Glad with their endeavour (for their good deeds which they did in this world, along with the true Faith of Islamic Monotheism). 10. In a lofty Paradise. 11. Where they shall neither hear harmful speech nor falsehood, 12. Therein will be a running spring, 13. Therein will be thrones raised high, 14. And cups set at hand. 15. And cushions set in rows, 16. And rich carpets (all) spread out. 17. Do they not look at the camels, how they are created? 18. And at the heaven, how it is raised? 19. And at the mountains, how they are rooted and fixed firm? 20. And at the earth, how it is spread out? 21. So remind them (O Muhammad (Peace be upon him)), you are only a one who reminds. 22. You are not a dictator over them. 23. Save the one who turns away and disbelieves 24. Then Allah will punish him with the greatest punishment. 25. Verily, to Us will be their return; 26. Then verily, for Us will be their reckoning. Al-Fajr The Dawn Chapter 89 Al-Fajr 30 verses, Mecca 1. By the dawn; 2. By the ten nights (i.e. the first ten days of the month of Dhul-Heejjah) , 3. And by the even and the odd (of all the creations of Allah) . 4. And by the night when it departs. 5. There is indeed in them (the above oaths) sufficient proofs for men of understanding (and that, they should avoid all kinds of sins and disbeliefs, etc.)! 6. Did you (O Muhammad (Peace be upon him)) not see (thought) how your Lord dealt with Ad (people)? 7. Who were very tall like lofty pillars, 8. The like of which were not created in the land? 9. And (with) Thamood (people), who cut (hewed) out rocks in the valley (to make dwellings)? 10. And (with) Firaun (Pharaoh), who had pegs (who used to torture men by binding them to pegs)? 11. Who did transgress beyond bounds in the lands (in the disobedience of Allah). 12. And made therein much mischief. 13. So your Lord poured on them different kinds of severe torment. 14. Verily, your Lord is Ever Watchful (over them). 15. As for man, when his Lord tries him by giving him honour and gifts, then he says (puffed up): “My Lord has honoured me.” 16. But when He tries him, by straitening his means of life, he says: “My Lord has humiliated me!” 17. Nay! But you treat not the orphans with kindness and generosity (i.e. you neither treat them well, nor give them their exact right of inheritance)! 18. And urge not on the feeding of AlMiskeen (the poor)! 19. And you devour inheritance all with greed, 20. And you love wealth with much love! 21. Nay! When the earth is ground to powder, 22. And your Lord comes with the angels in rows, 23. And Hell will be brought near that Day. On that Day will man remember, but how will that remembrance (then) avail him? 24. He will say: “Alas! Would that I had sent forth (good deeds) for (this) my life!” 25. So on that Day, none will punish as He will punish. 26. And none will bind as He will bind. 27. (It will be said to the pious): “O (you) the one in (complete) rest and satisfaction! 28. “Come back to your Lord, Well-pleased (yourself) and well-pleasing unto Him! 29. “Enter you, then, among My honoured slaves, 30. “And enter you My Paradise!” Al-Balad The City Chapter 90 Al-Balad 20 verses, Mecca 1. I swear by this city (Makkah); 2. And you are free (from sin, to punish the enemies of Islam on the Day of the conquest) in this city (Makkah) , 3. And by the begetter (i.e. Adam ) and that which he begot (i.e. his progeny); 4. Verily, We have created man in toil. 5. Thinks he that none can overcome him? 6. He says (boastfully): “I have wasted wealth in abundance!” 7. Thinks he that none sees him? 8. Have We not made for him a pair of eyes? 9. And a tongue and a pair of lips? 10. And shown him the two ways (good and evil)? 11. But he has made no effort to pass on the path that is steep. 12. And what will make you know the path that is steep? 13. (It is) Freeing a neck (slave, etc.) 14. Or giving food in a day of hunger (famine), 15. To an orphan near of kin. 16. Or to a Miskeen (poor) afflicted with misery. 17. Then he became one of those who believed, and recommended one another to perseverance and patience, and (also) recommended one another to pity and compassion. 18. They are those on the Right Hand (the dwellers of Paradise), 19. But those who disbelieved in Our Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.), they are those on the Left Hand (the dwellers of Hell). 20. The Fire will be shut over them (i.e. they will be enveloped by the Fire without any opening or window or outlet. Ash-Shams The Sun Chapter 91 Ash-Shams 15 verses, Mecca 1. And by the sun and its brightness; 2. And by the moon as it follows it (the sun); 3. And by the day as it shows up (the suns) brightness; 4. And by the night as it conceals it (the sun); 5. And by the heaven and Him Who built it; 6. And by the earth and Him Who spread it, 7. And by Nafs (Adam or a person or a soul, etc.), and Him Who perfected him in proportion; 8. Then He showed him what is wrong for him and what is right for him; 9. Indeed he succeeds who purifies his ownself (i.e. obeys and performs all that Allah ordered, by following the true Faith of Islamic Monotheism and by doing righteous good deeds). 10. And indeed he fails who corrupts his ownself (i.e. disobeys what Allah has ordered by rejecting the true Faith of Islamic Monotheism or by following polytheism, etc. or by doing every kind of evil wicked deeds). 11. Thamood (people) denied (their Prophet) through their transgression (by rejecting the true Faith of Islamic Monotheism, and by following polytheism, and by committing every kind of sin). 12. When the most wicked man among them went forth (to kill the she-camel). 13. But the Messenger of Allah (Salih (Saleh) ) said to them: “Be cautious! Fear the evil end. That is the she-camel of Allah! (Do not harm it) and bar it not from having its drink!” 14. Then they denied him and they killed it. So their Lord destroyed them because of their sin, and made them equal in destruction (i.e. all grades of people, rich and poor, strong and weak, etc.)! 15. And He (Allah) feared not the consequences thereof. Al-Lail The night Chapter 92 Al-Lail 21 verses, Mecca 1. By the night as it envelops; 2. And by the day as it appears in brightness; 3. And by Him Who created male and female; 4. Certainly, your efforts and deeds are diverse (different in aims and purposes); 5. As for him who gives (in charity) and keeps his duty to Allah and fears Him, 6. And believes in Al-Husna. 7. We will make smooth for him the path of ease (goodness). 8. But he who is greedy miser and thinks himself self-sufficient . 9. And gives the lie to Al-Husna (see Verse No: 6 footnote); 10. We will make smooth for him the path for evil; 11. And what will his wealth benefit him when he goes down (in destruction). 12. Truly! Ours it is (to give) guidance, 13. And truly, unto Us (belong) the last (Hereafter) and the first (this world). 14. Therefore I have warned you of a Fire blazing fiercely (Hell); 15. None shall enter it save the most wretched, 16. Who denies and turns away. 17. And Al-Muttaqoon (the pious and righteous – see V.2:2) will be far removed from it (Hell). 18. He who spends his wealth for increase in self-purification, 19. And have in his mind no favour from anyone for which a reward is expected in return, 20. Except only the desire to seek the Countenance of his Lord, the Most High; 21. He surely will be pleased (when he will enter Paradise). Ad-Dhuha The morning hours Chapter 93 Ad-Dhuha 11 verses, Mecca 1. By the forenoon (after sun-rise); 2. And by the night when it is still (or darkens); 3. Your Lord (O Muhammad (Peace be upon him)) has neither forsaken you nor hated you. 4. And indeed the Hereafter is better for you than the present (life of this world). 5. And verily, your Lord will give you (all i.e. good) so that you shall be well-pleased. 6. Did He not find you (O Muhammad (Peace be upon him)) an orphan and gave you a refuge? 7. And He found you unaware (of the Quran, its legal laws, and Prophethood, etc.) and guided you? 8. And He found you poor, and made you rich (selfsufficient with selfcontentment, etc.)? 9. Therefore, treat not the orphan with oppression, 10. And repulse not the beggar; 11. And proclaim the Grace of your Lord (i.e. the Prophethood and all other Graces). Al-Inshirah Solace Chapter 94 Al-Inshirah 8 verses, Mecca 1. Have We not opened your breast for you (O Muhammad (Peace be upon him))? 2. And removed from you your burden, 3. Which weighed down your back? 4. And raised high your fame? 5. So verily, with the hardship, there is relief, 6. Verily, with the hardship, there is relief (i.e. there is one hardship with two reliefs, so one hardship cannot overcome two reliefs). 7. So when you have finished (from your occupation), then stand up for Allahs worship (i.e. stand up for prayer). 8. And to your Lord (Alone) turn (all your intentions and hopes and) your invocations. At-Tin The Fig Chapter 95 At-Tin 8 verses, Mecca 1. By the fig, and the olive, 2. By Mount Sinai, 3. And by this city of security (Makkah) , 4. Verily, We created man of the best stature (mould), 5. Then We reduced him to the lowest of the low, 6. Save those who believe (in Islamic Monotheism) and do righteous deeds, then they shall have a reward without end (Paradise). 7. Then what (or who) causes you (O disbelievers) to deny the Recompense (i.e. Day of Resurrection)? 8. Is not Allah the Best of judges? Al-Alaq The Clot Chapter 96 Al-Alaq 19 verses, Mecca 1. Read! In the Name of your Lord, Who has created (all that exists), 2. Has created man from a clot (a piece of thick coagulated blood). 3. Read! And your Lord is the Most Generous, 4. Who has taught (the writing) by the pen (the first person to write was Prophet Idrees (Enoch) ), 5. Has taught man that which he knew not. 6. Nay! Verily, man does transgress all bounds (in disbelief and evil deed, etc.). 7. Because he considers himself self-sufficient. 8. Surely! Unto your Lord is the return. 9. Have you (O Muhammad (Peace be upon him)) seen him (i.e. Aboo Jahl) who prevents, 10. A slave (Muhammad (Peace be upon him)) when he prays? 11. Tell me, if he (Muhammad (Peace be upon him)) is on the guidance (of Allah)? 12. Or enjoins piety? 13. Tell me if he (the disbeliever, Aboo Jahl) denies (the truth, i.e. this Quran), and turns away? 14. Knows he not that Allah does see (what he does)? 15. Nay! If he (Aboo Jahl) ceases not, We will catch him by the forelock, 16. A lying, sinful forelock! 17. Then, let him call upon his council (of helpers), 18. We will call the guards of Hell (to deal with him)! 19. Nay! (O Muhammad (Peace be upon him))! Do not obey him (Aboo Jahl). Fall prostrate and draw near to Allah! Al-Qadr The Power Chapter 97 Al-Qadr 5 verses, Mecca 1. Verily! We have sent it (this Quran) down in the night of Al-Qadr (Decree) 2. And what will make you know what the night of Al-Qadr (Decree) is? 3. The night of Al-Qadr (Decree) is better than a thousand months (i.e. worshipping Allah in that night is better than worshipping Him a thousand months, i.e. 83 years and 4 months). 4. Therein descend the angels and the Rooh (Jibrael (Gabriel)) by Allahs Permission with all Decrees, 5. Peace! (All that night, there is Peace and Goodness from Allah to His believing slaves) until the appearance of dawn. Al-Bayyina The Clear proof Chapter 98 Al-Bayyina 8 verses, Madina 1. Those who disbelieve from among the people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians) and among Al-Mushrikoon, were not going to leave (their disbelief) until there came to them clear evidence. 2. A Messenger (Muhammad (Peace be upon him)) from Allah, reciting (the Quran) purified pages (purified from Al-Batil (falsehood, etc.)). 3. Containing correct and straight laws from Allah. 4. And the people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians) differed not until after there came to them clear evidence. (i.e. Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) and whatever was revealed to him). 5. And they were commanded not, but that they should worship Allah, and worship none but Him Alone (abstaining from ascribing partners to Him), and perform As-Salat (Iqamat-as-Salat) and give Zakat: and that is the right religion. 6. Verily, those who disbelieve (in the religion of Islam, the Quran and Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him)) from among the people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians) and Al-Mushrikoon will abide in the Fire of Hell. They are the worst of creatures. 7. Verily, those who believe (in the Oneness of Allah, and in His Messenger Muhammad (Peace be upon him)) including all obligations ordered by Islam) and do righteous good deeds, they are the best of creatures. 8. Their reward with their Lord is Adn (Eden) Paradise (Gardens of Eternity), underneath which rivers flow, they will abide therein forever, Allah Well-Pleased with them, and they with Him. That is for him who fears his Lord. Al-Zalzala The earthquake Chapter 99 Al-Zalzala 8 verses, Mecca 1. When the earth is shaken with its (final) earthquake. 2. And when the earth throws out its burdens, 3. And man will say: “What is the matter with it?” 4. That Day it will declare its information (about all what happened over it of good or evil). 5. Because your Lord has inspired it. 6. That Day mankind will proceed in scattered groups that they may be shown their deeds. 7. So whosoever does good equal to the weight of an atom (or a small ant), shall see it. 8. And whosoever does evil equal to the weight of an atom (or a small ant), shall see it. Al-Adiyat The Chargers Chapter 100 Al-Adiyat 11 verses, Mecca 1. By the (steeds) that run, with panting (breath), 2. Striking sparks of fire (by their hooves), 3. And scouring to the raid at dawn 4. And raise the dust in clouds the while, 5. Penetrating forthwith as one into the midst (of the foe); 6. Verily! Man (disbeliever) is ungrateful to his Lord; 7. And to that fact he bears witness (by his deeds); 8. And verily, he is violent in the love of wealth. 9. Knows he not that when the contents of the graves are brought out and poured forth (all mankind is resurrected). 10. And that which is in the breasts (of men) shall be made known. 11. Verily, that Day (i.e. the Day of Resurrection) their Lord will be Well-Acquainted with them (as to their deeds), (and will reward them for their deeds). Al-Qaria The Calamity Chapter 101 Al-Qaria 11 verses, Mecca 1. Al-Qariah (the striking Hour i.e. the Day of Resurrection), 2. What is the striking (Hour)? 3. And what will make you know what the striking (Hour) is? 4. It is a Day whereon mankind will be like moths scattered about, 5. And the mountains will be like carded wool, 6. Then as for him whose balance (of good deeds) will be heavy, 7. He will live a pleasant life (in Paradise). 8. But as for him whose balance (of good deeds) will be light, 9. He will have his home in Hawiyah (pit, i.e. Hell). 10. And what will make you know what it is? 11. (It is) a hot blazing Fire! At-Takathur Competition Chapter 102 At-Takathur 8 verses, Mecca 1. The mutual rivalry for piling up of worldly things diverts you, 2. Until you visit the graves (i.e. till you die). 3. Nay! You shall come to know! 4. Again, Nay! You shall come to know! 5. Nay! If you knew with a sure knowledge (the end result of piling up, you would not have occupied yourselves in worldly things) 6. Verily, You shall see the blazing Fire (Hell)! 7. And again, you shall see it with certainty of sight! 8. Then, on that Day, you shall be asked about the delight (you indulged in, in this world)! Al-Asr the declining day Chapter 103 Al-Asr 3 verses, Mecca 1. By Al-Asr (the time). 2. Verily! Man is in loss, 3. Except those who believe (in Islamic Monotheism) and do righteous good deeds, and recommend one another to the truth (i.e. order one another to perform all kinds of good deeds (AlMaroof ???????)which Allah has ordained, and abstain from all kinds of sins and evil deeds (AlMunkar ??????)which Allah has forbidden), and recommend one another to patience (for the sufferings, harms, and injuries which one may encounter in Allahs Cause during preaching His religion of Islamic Monotheism or Jihad, etc.). Al-Humaza The Traducer Chapter 104 Al-Humaza 9 verses, Mecca 1. Woe to every slanderer and backbiter. 2. Who has gathered wealth and counted it, 3. He thinks that his wealth will make him last forever! 4. Nay! Verily, he will be thrown into the crushing Fire. 5. And what will make you know what the crushing Fire is? 6. The fire of Allah, kindled, 7. Which leaps up over the hearts, 8. Verily, it shall be closed in on them, 9. In pillars stretched forth (i.e. they will be punished in the Fire with pillars, etc.). Al-fil The Elephant Chapter 105 Al-fil 5 verses, Mecca 1. Have you (O Muhammad (Peace be upon him)) not seen how your Lord dealt with the Owners of the Elephant? (The elephant army which came from Yemen under the command of Abrahah AlAshram intending to destroy the Kabah at Makkah). 2. Did He not make their plot go astray? 3. And sent against them birds, in flocks, 4. Striking them with stones of Sijjeel. 5. And made them like an empty field of stalks (of which the corn has been eaten up by cattle). Quraish Quraish Chapter 106 Quraish 4 verses, Mecca 1. (It is a great Grace and Protection from Allah), for the taming of the Quraish, 2. (And with all those Allahs Grace and Protections for their taming, We cause) the (Quraish) caravans to set forth safe in winter (to the south), and in summer (to the north without any fear), 3. So let them worship (Allah) the Lord of this House (the Kabah in Makkah). 4. (He) Who has fed them against hunger, and has made them safe from fear. Al-Maun Alms Giving Chapter 107 Al-Maun 7 verses, Mecca 1. Have you seen him who denies the Recompense? 2. That is he who repulses the orphan (harshly), 3. And urges not the feeding of AlMiskeen (the poor), 4. So woe unto those performers of Salat (prayers) (hypocrites), 5. Who delay their Salat (prayer) from their stated fixed times, 6. Those who do good deeds only to be seen (of men), 7. And refuse Al-Maoon (small kindnesses e.g. salt, sugar, water, etc.). Al-Kauther Abundance Chapter 108 Al-Kauther 3 verses, Mecca 1. Verily, We have granted you (O Muhammad (Peace be upon him)) Al-Kauthar (a river in Paradise); 2. Therefore turn in prayer to your Lord and sacrifice (to Him only). 3. For he who makes you angry (O Muhammad (Peace be upon him)), – he will be cut off (from every good thing in this world and in the Hereafter). Al-Kafiroon The Disbelievers Chapter 109 Al-Kafiroon 6 verses, Mecca 1. Say (O Muhammad (Peace be upon him)to these Mushrikoon and Kafiroon): “O Al-Kafiroon (disbelievers in Allah, in His Oneness, in His Angels, in His Books, in His Messengers, in the Day of Resurrection, and in Al-Qadar, etc.)! 2. “I worship not that which you worship, 3. “Nor will you worship that which I worship. 4. “And I shall not worship that which you are worshipping. 5. “Nor will you worship that which I worship. 6. “To you be your religion, and to me my religion (Islamic Monotheism).” An-Nasr The Succour Chapter 110 An-Nasr 3 verses, Madina 1. When comes the Help of Allah (to you, O Muhammad (Peace be upon him) against your enemies) and the conquest (of Makkah), 2. And you see that the people enter Allahs religion (Islam) in crowds, 3. So glorify the Praises of your Lord, and ask for His Forgiveness. Verily, He is the One Who accepts the repentance and forgives. Al-Masadd The Flame Chapter 111 Al-Masadd 5 verses, Mecca 1. Perish the two hands of Aboo Lahab (an uncle of the Prophet), and perish he! 2. His wealth and his children (etc.) will not benefit him! 3. He will be burnt in a Fire of blazing flames! 4. And his wife too, who carries wood (thorns of Sadan which she used to put on the way of the Prophet (Peace be upon him) , or use to slander him) . 5. In her neck is a twisted rope of Masad (palm fibre). Al-Ikhlas Absoluteness Chapter 112 Al-Ikhlas 4 verses, Mecca 1. Say (O Muhammad (Peace be upon him)): “He is Allah, (the) One. 2. “Allah-us-Samad (The Self-Sufficient Master, Whom all creatures need, He neither eats nor drinks). 3. “He begets not, nor was He begotten; 4. “And there is none co-equal or comparable unto Him.” Al-Falaq The day break Chapter 113 Al-Falaq 5 verses, Mecca 1. Say: “I seek refuge with (Allah) the Lord of the daybreak, 2. “From the evil of what He has created; 3. “And from the evil of the darkening (night) as it comes with its darkness; (or the moon as it sets or goes away). 4. “And from the evil of the witchcrafts when they blow in the knots, 5. “And from the evil of the envier when he envies.” An-Nas The mankind Chapter 114 An-Nas 6 verses, Mecca 1. Say: “I seek refuge with (Allah) the Lord of mankind, 2. “The King of mankind, 3. “The Ilah (God) of mankind, 4. “From the evil of the whisperer (devil who whispers evil in the hearts of men) who withdraws (from his whispering in ones heart after one remembers Allah) , 5. “Who whispers in the breasts of mankind, 6. “Of jinns and men.”

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حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ يُوسُفَ‏‏‏‏‏‏ٍ‏‏‏‏، قَالَ:‏‏‏‏ أَخْبَرَنَا مَالِكٌ‏‏‏‏‏‏ٍ‏‏‏‏، عَنْ هِشَامِ بْنِ عُرْوَةَ‏‏‏‏‏‏ٍ‏‏‏‏، عَنْ أَبِيهِ‏‏‏‏‏‏ٍ‏‏‏‏، عَنْ عَائِشَةَ‏‏‏‏‏‏ٍ‏‏‏‏أُمِّ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهَا، ‏‏‏‏‏‏أَنَّ الْحَارِثَ بْنَ هِشَامٍ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُ سَأَل رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ، ‏‏‏‏‏‏فَقَالَ:‏‏‏‏ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ، ‏‏‏‏‏‏كَيْفَ يَأْتِيكَ الْوَحْيُ؟ فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ:‏‏‏‏ "أَحْيَانًا يَأْتِينِي مِثْلَ صَلْصَلَةِ الْجَرَسِ، ‏‏‏‏‏‏وَهُوَ أَشَدُّهُ عَلَيَّ فَيُفْصَمُ عَنِّي، ‏‏‏‏‏‏وَقَدْ وَعَيْتُ عَنْهُ مَا قَالَ، ‏‏‏‏‏‏وَأَحْيَانًا يَتَمَثَّلُ لِي الْمَلَكُ رَجُلًا فَيُكَلِّمُنِي فَأَعِي مَا يَقُولُ"، ‏‏‏‏‏‏قَالَتْ عَائِشَةُ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهَا:‏‏‏‏ وَلَقَدْ رَأَيْتُهُ يَنْزِلُ عَلَيْهِ الْوَحْيُ فِي الْيَوْمِ الشَّدِيدِ الْبَرْدِ فَيَفْصِمُ عَنْهُ، ‏‏‏‏‏‏وَإِنَّ جَبِينَهُ لَيَتَفَصَّدُ عَرَقًا.

Narrated 'Umar bin Al-Khattab: I heard Allah's Apostle saying, The reward of deeds depends upon the intentions and every person will get the reward according to what he has intended. So whoever emigrated for worldly benefits or for a woman to marry, his emigration was for what he emigrated for.

Sahih al-Bukhari

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حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ يُوسُفَ، قَالَ أَخْبَرَنَا مَالِكٌ، عَنْ هِشَامِ بْنِ عُرْوَةَ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، عَنْ عَائِشَةَ أُمِّ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ ـ رضى الله عنها ـ أَنَّ الْحَارِثَ بْنَ هِشَامٍ ـ رضى الله عنه ـ سَأَلَ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَقَالَ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ كَيْفَ يَأْتِيكَ الْوَحْىُ فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ "‏ أَحْيَانًا يَأْتِينِي مِثْلَ صَلْصَلَةِ الْجَرَسِ ـ وَهُوَ أَشَدُّهُ عَلَىَّ ـ فَيُفْصَمُ عَنِّي وَقَدْ وَعَيْتُ عَنْهُ مَا قَالَ، وَأَحْيَانًا يَتَمَثَّلُ لِيَ الْمَلَكُ رَجُلاً فَيُكَلِّمُنِي فَأَعِي مَا يَقُولُ ‏"‏‏.‏ قَالَتْ عَائِشَةُ رضى الله عنها وَلَقَدْ رَأَيْتُهُ يَنْزِلُ عَلَيْهِ الْوَحْىُ فِي الْيَوْمِ الشَّدِيدِ الْبَرْدِ، فَيَفْصِمُ عَنْهُ وَإِنَّ جَبِينَهُ لَيَتَفَصَّدُ عَرَقًا

(the mother of the faithful believers) Al-Harith bin Hisham asked Allah's Messenger (ﷺ) "O Allah's Messenger (ﷺ)! How is the Divine Inspiration revealed to you?" Allah's Messenger (ﷺ) replied, "Sometimes it is (revealed) like the ringing of a bell, this form of Inspiration is the hardest of all and then this state passes off after I have grasped what is inspired. Sometimes the Angel comes in the form of a man and talks to me and I grasp whatever he says." 'Aisha added: Verily I saw the Prophet (ﷺ) being inspired divinely on a very cold day and noticed the sweat dropping from his forehead (as the Inspiration was over).

Sahih al-Bukhari

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حَدَّثَنَا يَحْيَى بْنُ بُكَيْرٍ، قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا اللَّيْثُ، عَنْ عُقَيْلٍ، عَنِ ابْنِ شِهَابٍ، عَنْ عُرْوَةَ بْنِ الزُّبَيْرِ، عَنْ عَائِشَةَ أُمِّ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ، أَنَّهَا قَالَتْ أَوَّلُ مَا بُدِئَ بِهِ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم مِنَ الْوَحْىِ الرُّؤْيَا الصَّالِحَةُ فِي النَّوْمِ، فَكَانَ لاَ يَرَى رُؤْيَا إِلاَّ جَاءَتْ مِثْلَ فَلَقِ الصُّبْحِ، ثُمَّ حُبِّبَ إِلَيْهِ الْخَلاَءُ، وَكَانَ يَخْلُو بِغَارِ حِرَاءٍ فَيَتَحَنَّثُ فِيهِ ـ وَهُوَ التَّعَبُّدُ ـ اللَّيَالِيَ ذَوَاتِ الْعَدَدِ قَبْلَ أَنْ يَنْزِعَ إِلَى أَهْلِهِ، وَيَتَزَوَّدُ لِذَلِكَ، ثُمَّ يَرْجِعُ إِلَى خَدِيجَةَ، فَيَتَزَوَّدُ لِمِثْلِهَا، حَتَّى جَاءَهُ الْحَقُّ وَهُوَ فِي غَارِ حِرَاءٍ، فَجَاءَهُ الْمَلَكُ فَقَالَ اقْرَأْ‏.‏ قَالَ ‏"‏ مَا أَنَا بِقَارِئٍ ‏"‏‏.‏ قَالَ ‏"‏ فَأَخَذَنِي فَغَطَّنِي حَتَّى بَلَغَ مِنِّي الْجَهْدَ، ثُمَّ أَرْسَلَنِي فَقَالَ اقْرَأْ‏.‏ قُلْتُ مَا أَنَا بِقَارِئٍ‏.‏ فَأَخَذَنِي فَغَطَّنِي الثَّانِيَةَ حَتَّى بَلَغَ مِنِّي الْجَهْدَ، ثُمَّ أَرْسَلَنِي فَقَالَ اقْرَأْ‏.‏ فَقُلْتُ مَا أَنَا بِقَارِئٍ‏.‏ فَأَخَذَنِي فَغَطَّنِي الثَّالِثَةَ، ثُمَّ أَرْسَلَنِي فَقَالَ ‏{‏اقْرَأْ بِاسْمِ رَبِّكَ الَّذِي خَلَقَ * خَلَقَ الإِنْسَانَ مِنْ عَلَقٍ * اقْرَأْ وَرَبُّكَ الأَكْرَمُ‏}‏ ‏"‏‏.‏ فَرَجَعَ بِهَا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم يَرْجُفُ فُؤَادُهُ، فَدَخَلَ عَلَى خَدِيجَةَ بِنْتِ خُوَيْلِدٍ رضى الله عنها فَقَالَ ‏"‏ زَمِّلُونِي زَمِّلُونِي ‏"‏‏.‏ فَزَمَّلُوهُ حَتَّى ذَهَبَ عَنْهُ الرَّوْعُ، فَقَالَ لِخَدِيجَةَ وَأَخْبَرَهَا الْخَبَرَ ‏"‏ لَقَدْ خَشِيتُ عَلَى نَفْسِي ‏"‏‏.‏ فَقَالَتْ خَدِيجَةُ كَلاَّ وَاللَّهِ مَا يُخْزِيكَ اللَّهُ أَبَدًا، إِنَّكَ لَتَصِلُ الرَّحِمَ، وَتَحْمِلُ الْكَلَّ، وَتَكْسِبُ الْمَعْدُومَ، وَتَقْرِي الضَّيْفَ، وَتُعِينُ عَلَى نَوَائِبِ الْحَقِّ‏.‏ فَانْطَلَقَتْ بِهِ خَدِيجَةُ حَتَّى أَتَتْ بِهِ وَرَقَةَ بْنَ نَوْفَلِ بْنِ أَسَدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْعُزَّى ابْنَ عَمِّ خَدِيجَةَ ـ وَكَانَ امْرَأً تَنَصَّرَ فِي الْجَاهِلِيَّةِ، وَكَانَ يَكْتُبُ الْكِتَابَ الْعِبْرَانِيَّ، فَيَكْتُبُ مِنَ الإِنْجِيلِ بِالْعِبْرَانِيَّةِ مَا شَاءَ اللَّهُ أَنْ يَكْتُبَ، وَكَانَ شَيْخًا كَبِيرًا قَدْ عَمِيَ ـ فَقَالَتْ لَهُ خَدِيجَةُ يَا ابْنَ عَمِّ اسْمَعْ مِنَ ابْنِ أَخِيكَ‏.‏ فَقَالَ لَهُ وَرَقَةُ يَا ابْنَ أَخِي مَاذَا تَرَى فَأَخْبَرَهُ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم خَبَرَ مَا رَأَى‏.‏ فَقَالَ لَهُ وَرَقَةُ هَذَا النَّامُوسُ الَّذِي نَزَّلَ اللَّهُ عَلَى مُوسَى صلى الله عليه وسلم يَا لَيْتَنِي فِيهَا جَذَعًا، لَيْتَنِي أَكُونُ حَيًّا إِذْ يُخْرِجُكَ قَوْمُكَ‏.‏ فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏"‏ أَوَمُخْرِجِيَّ هُمْ ‏"‏‏.‏ قَالَ نَعَمْ، لَمْ يَأْتِ رَجُلٌ قَطُّ بِمِثْلِ مَا جِئْتَ بِهِ إِلاَّ عُودِيَ، وَإِنْ يُدْرِكْنِي يَوْمُكَ أَنْصُرْكَ نَصْرًا مُؤَزَّرًا‏.‏ ثُمَّ لَمْ يَنْشَبْ وَرَقَةُ أَنْ تُوُفِّيَ وَفَتَرَ الْوَحْىُ‏.‏

The commencement of the Divine Inspiration to Allah's Messenger (ﷺ) was in the form of good dreams which came true like bright daylight, and then the love of seclusion was bestowed upon him. He used to go in seclusion in the cave of Hira where he used to worship (Allah alone) continuously for many days before his desire to see his family. He used to take with him the journey food for the stay and then come back to (his wife) Khadija to take his food likewise again till suddenly the Truth descended upon him while he was in the cave of Hira. The angel came to him and asked him to read. The Prophet (ﷺ) replied, "I do not know how to read." The Prophet (ﷺ) added, "The angel caught me (forcefully) and pressed me so hard that I could not bear it any more. He then released me and again asked me to read and I replied, 'I do not know how to read.' Thereupon he caught me again and pressed me a second time till I could not bear it any more. He then released me and again asked me to read but again I replied, 'I do not know how to read (or what shall I read)?' Thereupon he caught me for the third time and pressed me, and then released me and said, 'Read in the name of your Lord, who has created (all that exists), created man from a clot. Read! And your Lord is the Most Generous." (96.1, 96.2, 96.3) Then Allah's Messenger (ﷺ) returned with the Inspiration and with his heart beating severely. Then he went to Khadija bint Khuwailid and said, "Cover me! Cover me!" They covered him till his fear was over and after that he told her everything that had happened and said, "I fear that something may happen to me." Khadija replied, "Never! By Allah, Allah will never disgrace you. You keep good relations with your kith and kin, help the poor and the destitute, serve your guests generously and assist the deserving calamity-afflicted ones." Khadija then accompanied him to her cousin Waraqa bin Naufal bin Asad bin 'Abdul 'Uzza, who, during the pre-Islamic Period became a Christian and used to write the writing with Hebrew letters. He would write from the Gospel in Hebrew as much as Allah wished him to write. He was an old man and had lost his eyesight. Khadija said to Waraqa, "Listen to the story of your nephew, O my cousin!" Waraqa asked, "O my nephew! What have you seen?" Allah's Messenger (ﷺ) described whatever he had seen. Waraqa said, "This is the same one who keeps the secrets (angel Gabriel) whom Allah had sent to Moses. I wish I were young and could live up to the time when your people would turn you out." Allah's Messenger (ﷺ) asked, "Will they drive me out?" Waraqa replied in the affirmative and said, "Anyone (man) who came with something similar to what you have brought was treated with hostility; and if I should remain alive till the day when you will be turned out then I would support you strongly." But after a few days Waraqa died and the Divine Inspiration was also paused for a while.

Sahih al-Bukhari

( 4 )

قَالَ ابْنُ شِهَابٍ وَأَخْبَرَنِي أَبُو سَلَمَةَ بْنُ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ، أَنَّ جَابِرَ بْنَ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ الأَنْصَارِيَّ، قَالَ ـ وَهُوَ يُحَدِّثُ عَنْ فَتْرَةِ الْوَحْىِ، فَقَالَ ـ فِي حَدِيثِهِ ‏"‏ بَيْنَا أَنَا أَمْشِي، إِذْ سَمِعْتُ صَوْتًا، مِنَ السَّمَاءِ، فَرَفَعْتُ بَصَرِي فَإِذَا الْمَلَكُ الَّذِي جَاءَنِي بِحِرَاءٍ جَالِسٌ عَلَى كُرْسِيٍّ بَيْنَ السَّمَاءِ وَالأَرْضِ، فَرُعِبْتُ مِنْهُ، فَرَجَعْتُ فَقُلْتُ زَمِّلُونِي‏.‏ فَأَنْزَلَ اللَّهُ تَعَالَى ‏{‏يَا أَيُّهَا الْمُدَّثِّرُ * قُمْ فَأَنْذِرْ‏}‏ إِلَى قَوْلِهِ ‏{‏وَالرُّجْزَ فَاهْجُرْ‏}‏ فَحَمِيَ الْوَحْىُ وَتَتَابَعَ ‏"‏‏.‏ تَابَعَهُ عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ يُوسُفَ وَأَبُو صَالِحٍ‏.‏ وَتَابَعَهُ هِلاَلُ بْنُ رَدَّادٍ عَنِ الزُّهْرِيِّ‏.‏ وَقَالَ يُونُسُ وَمَعْمَرٌ ‏"‏ بَوَادِرُهُ ‏"‏‏.‏

"While I was walking, all of a sudden I heard a voice from the sky. I looked up and saw the same angel who had visited me at the cave of Hira' sitting on a chair between the sky and the earth. I got afraid of him and came back home and said, 'Wrap me (in blankets).' And then Allah revealed the following Holy Verses (of Quran): 'O you (i.e. Muhammad)! wrapped up in garments!' Arise and warn (the people against Allah's Punishment),... up to 'and desert the idols.' (74.1-5) After this the revelation started coming strongly, frequently and regularly."

Sahih al-Bukhari

( 5 )

حَدَّثَنَا مُوسَى بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ، قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو عَوَانَةَ، قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا مُوسَى بْنُ أَبِي عَائِشَةَ، قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا سَعِيدُ بْنُ جُبَيْرٍ، عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ، فِي قَوْلِهِ تَعَالَى ‏{‏لاَ تُحَرِّكْ بِهِ لِسَانَكَ لِتَعْجَلَ بِهِ‏}‏ قَالَ كَانَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم يُعَالِجُ مِنَ التَّنْزِيلِ شِدَّةً، وَكَانَ مِمَّا يُحَرِّكُ شَفَتَيْهِ ـ فَقَالَ ابْنُ عَبَّاسٍ فَأَنَا أُحَرِّكُهُمَا لَكُمْ كَمَا كَانَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم يُحَرِّكُهُمَا‏.‏ وَقَالَ سَعِيدٌ أَنَا أُحَرِّكُهُمَا كَمَا رَأَيْتُ ابْنَ عَبَّاسٍ يُحَرِّكُهُمَا‏.‏ فَحَرَّكَ شَفَتَيْهِ ـ فَأَنْزَلَ اللَّهُ تَعَالَى ‏{‏لاَ تُحَرِّكْ بِهِ لِسَانَكَ لِتَعْجَلَ بِهِ* إِنَّ عَلَيْنَا جَمْعَهُ وَقُرْآنَهُ‏}‏ قَالَ جَمْعُهُ لَهُ فِي صَدْرِكَ، وَتَقْرَأَهُ ‏{‏فَإِذَا قَرَأْنَاهُ فَاتَّبِعْ قُرْآنَهُ‏}‏ قَالَ فَاسْتَمِعْ لَهُ وَأَنْصِتْ ‏{‏ثُمَّ إِنَّ عَلَيْنَا بَيَانَهُ‏}‏ ثُمَّ إِنَّ عَلَيْنَا أَنْ تَقْرَأَهُ‏.‏ فَكَانَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم بَعْدَ ذَلِكَ إِذَا أَتَاهُ جِبْرِيلُ اسْتَمَعَ، فَإِذَا انْطَلَقَ جِبْرِيلُ قَرَأَهُ النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم كَمَا قَرَأَهُ‏.‏

Ibn 'Abbas in the explanation of the statement of Allah "Move not your tongue concerning (the Quran) to make haste therewith." (75.16) said "Allah's Messenger (ﷺ) used to bear the revelation with great trouble and used to move his lips (quickly) with the Inspiration." Ibn 'Abbas moved his lips saying, "I am moving my lips in front of you as Allah's Messenger (ﷺ) used to move his." Said moved his lips saying: "I am moving my lips, as I saw Ibn 'Abbas moving his." Ibn 'Abbas added, "So Allah revealed 'Move not your tongue concerning (the Qur'an) to make haste therewith. It is for Us to collect it and to give you (O Muhammad) the ability to recite it (the Quran)' (75.16-17) which means that Allah will make him (the Prophet) remember the portion of the Qur'an which was revealed at that time by heart and recite it. The statement of Allah: 'And when we have recited it to you (O Muhammad through Gabriel) then you follow its (Quran) recital' (75.18) means 'listen to it and be silent.' Then it is for Us (Allah) to make it clear to you' (75.19) means 'Then it is (for Allah) to make you recite it (and its meaning will be clear by itself through your tongue). Afterwards, Allah's Messenger (ﷺ) used to listen to Gabriel whenever he came and after his departure he used to recite it as Gabriel had recited it."

Sahih al-Bukhari

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